Socio Economic Conditions of Pakistan

June 25 2007: Poverty remains a serious concern in Pakistan as a large segment of the population lives in poverty. According to the rebased GDP numbers, the per capita income comes to US$845. Poverty rates, which had fallen substantially in the 1980s and early 1990s, started to rise again toward the end of the decade. 
More importantly, differences in income per capita across regions have persisted or widened. Poverty varies significantly among rural and urban areas and from province to province, from a low of 14% in urban Sindh to 41% in rural NWFP. 
Pakistan has grown much more than other low-income countries, but has failed to achieve social progress commensurate with its economic growth. The educated and well-off urban population…show more content…It is well known that in Sindh, the factors related to poverty reflect both the disappointing levels of recent economic growth and a range of difficult environmental problems, many of them related to an acute shortage of water and a poor and unreliable water supply. The livelihood prospects of the poorest groups are also affected by the extreme economic inequalities that persist in many rural areas and the continued prevalence of social institutions and different forms of violence that impact negatively on their lives. 
The sub-sites in Badin are indicative of the particular problems facing poor people in the coastal belt, as well as of generic issues affecting the rural poor. 
In Naushero Feroze, reflects the conditions in the riverine zones on the banks of the River Indus. Khairpur is a case from the arid or semi-desert zones that account for a large area of the province, as is a part of the Tharparkar site. The economic and social conditions of the irrigated and rain fed agricultural areas respectively are well represented in the reports from Mirpurkhas, Nawabshah, Jacobabad and Ghotki on the one hand, and Dadu, Thatta and part of Tharparkar on the other. 
The greatest single issue in rural Sindh, however, is the social exclusion of the poor from ownership of, or reliable access to, agricultural land and related natural assets (water supplies, grazing). Especially in the case of the haris, who contributes large segment of

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