The Consequences of Water Pollution

The Consequences of Water Pollution
Annually, 90 million people add to the current population of 6.5 billion. At this rate the global population will reach approximately 8.5 billion by 2025 (  As the global population grows exponentially, so does the demand for natural resources.  Of all these natural resources, water, is the most vital for survival and expansion.  Human’s dependency on water will never go away, making it a key part to any civilizations future.  It is used daily for purposes such as: drinking, washing, bathing, sustaining agriculture, acquiring energy, and transporting goods.  All of which help sustain a society’s stability.  In Jared Diamond’s book, Collapse, he reveals similarities and…show more content…
Main sources of water pollution include: industrial discharge of chemical wastes and byproducts, surface runoff containing pesticides or fertilizers, acid rain caused by industrial discharge of sulfur dioxide, discharge of contaminated or heated water used for industrial processes, surface runoff containing spilled petroleum products, silt runoff from construction sites and farms, discharge of poorly treated or untreated sewage, excess nutrients added by runoff containing fertilizers, and underground storage tank leakage leading to soil contamination.  Each source of pollution correlates to one or more of the twelve processes through which past societies have undermined themselves by damaging their environment.  Thus, water pollution is considered to be a contributor to a possible collapse.
Industry is responsible for the majority of water pollution because its practices produce several contaminants.  The combined industrial discharge of chemical wastes and byproducts pollute rivers, lakes, and oceans by producing organic and inorganic contaminants that enter groundwater and soil, which can compile at the bottom of oceans.  Subsequently, industrial discharge significantly increases the acidity of water.  Heavy metals’ toxicity combined with increases in acidity yields water that cannot sustain life that it once could.  The

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