The Importance Of Aptitude Tests

According to Eggen and Kauchak (2013), aptitude, the ability to acquire knowledge, is only one characteristic of intelligence, despite the fact that aptitude and intelligence are often used synonymously. Moreover, aptitude tests are broader in scope and are designed to measure the cognitive skills, abilities, and knowledge that an individual has accumulated as a result of overall life experiences (AERA et al., 1999). Aptitude tests are commonly employed in selection and placement decisions, and they correlate highly with achievement tests (M.D. Miller et al., 2009; Popham, 2011).  
Aiken (1998) identified ability as encompassing both aptitude and achievement, in that the ability to do something depends both on what an individual already knows or can do and what one is capable of learning to do. Aptitude has traditionally referred to a person’s capacity to benefit from education or training, but an achievement to the degree of ability already attained. Thus, aptitude tests have been primarily devised to assess potential achievement or to predict future performance in some field of endeavor.
Compared to individual intelligence tests and neuropsychological assessments, which are administered one-to-one, group tests of cognitive ability are the usual paper-and-pencil measures given to groups of individuals simultaneously in an effort to assess the academic promise of each individual in a group (Neukrug

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