1. Define the role of the Systems Analysts versus the Business Analyst.
Business analysts are more concerned with the business aspects of establishing a system than systems analysts, who are more concerned with the technical aspects of developing a system to meet the demands of a corporation. An analyst who focuses on a single system and its requirements is a systems analyst. Thus, the business analyst is not concerned with specific procedures, whereas the system analyst is concerned with particular systems. The technical requirements of a system Additionally, the business analyst may pay attention to additional organizational components, such as training and cultural changes, that must be implemented within the organization. In contrast, the systems analyst would pay attention to the system’s performance requirements and quality control procedures.
Q2 Define the Systems Development Life Cycle
Starting with a feasibility study and an application’s maintenance, the SDLC conceptual model is used in project management to describe the many stages of a project’s development. Regardless of a system’s technological complexity, the use of SDLC can be beneficial. Expert in the field of information technology
Hardware and software together make up what’s commonly known as a “system.” All of the players, as mentioned earlier, are involved in the SDLC process, including the majority of project and program managers (Gillis, 2019). For example, it is possible to view creating a hardware or software system in steps. As a formal framework for expressing stages and activities in system design, the system development life cycle (SDLC) was created (SDLC). SDLC approaches often follow the phases listed below:
Current systems are examined in terms of their capabilities and shortcomings by interviewing current users and consulting support personnel.
The plan and the specifications: To plan and establish any specific demands that must be addressed in creating new product software, any shortcomings in the previous system are described.
The new project’s infrastructure, operating system, programming, and security are all considered part of the design process.
The development of a new system begins with the acquisition of new components and programming and the installation of operating systems. Users of the system should be instructed on making the most of it.
Testing of the system is done to understand all aspects of performance and make any modifications, if necessary, in the stages of system integration, security of the system, and carrying out security assurance.
System deployment in a production environment can be phased in according to the application or the location if any old systems must be replaced and may require a complete switchover to the new system immediately.
After the system has been installed, it must be maintained and updated to ensure the continuity of application service, as system hardware or software changes may require this. The system’s users must be adequately informed about system updates. SDLC can comprise a variety of milestones, such as the start of the project, estimations of costs and timelines, detailed specifications, and other phases.
Q3) Define the concept of Organizations as systems.
When thinking about organizations and the people who make them up, it is feasible to consider them as systems designed to fulfill specific goals and objectives by using the people and other available resources. Departments, units, and divisions are only a handful of the numerous interconnected systems that make up a company’s organizational structure. Accounting, marketing, manufacturing, and data processing are just a few examples of typical functions. There are many more.
To create a compelling organizational whole, specialized functions (smaller systems) are gradually reintegrated into various techniques tailored to their needs. It is critical to think of organizations as complex systems because system principles show how they operate and should be approached. When defining information requirements and developing effective information systems, it is critical to have a comprehensive understanding of the organization (“Organizations as systems,” 2017).
. Because all systems are built of subsystems (including information systems), when studying an organization, we must also look at the smaller systems involved and how they operate.
Gillis, A. S. (2019, June 21). What is the systems development life cycle? – Definition from WhatIs.com. SearchSoftwareQuality. https://searchsoftwarequality.techtarget.com/definition/sy stems-development-life-cycle
Organizations as systems. (2017, October 27). W3computing.com – A Developer Reference Website. https://www.w3computing.com/systemsanalysis/organizations-systems